Ethics

Editorial Policies

International Archives of Medicine adheres recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf) from ICMJE and Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (joint statement by COPE, DOAJ, WAME, and OASPA; (http://doaj.org/bestpractice). Case reports should adhere to the CARE case report guidelines, particularly with respect to discussions that are more substantive and case presentations that are described in greater depth. 

Other editorial policies adhered by International Archives of Medicine:

 

Technical Report

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/technicalreport

International Archives of Medicine follows a double-blinded peer-review system. Two reports from external and independent reviewers are requested at least. Reports are checked by Section Editor, who takes a decision based on these reports. The decision can be reject, request major changes, accept after minor changes or accept. Usually, manuscripts are rejected when a report points major deficiencies in the methodology of the work. In this case, the review process ends at this point; authors wishing to submit again the work should address these deficiencies, write a new manuscript and start a new submission. The Section Editor request changes to authors in cases where reviewers' comments and suggestions are recoverable. Authors have to submit a new version of the manuscript along with a letter explaining the changes or the reasons why they have not included these changes. This new version of the manuscript is reviewed by the same reviewers who reviewed the original version. If they find the new version satisfactory, it is accepted; otherwise a new round of corrections is requested.
In case of controversy among reviewers or between reviewers and authors, it is the Section Editor who decides based on the reports of both sides. In hard cases or in those with potential ethic conflict, the case is elevated to the Editor-in-Chief.
 

Human and Animal Rights 

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/Beforesubmit

1) Statement of Human Rights

When reporting studies that involve human participants, authors should include a statement that the studies have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration or comparable standards, the authors must explain the reasons for their approach, and demonstrate that the independent ethics committee or institutional review board explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.

2) Statement on the Welfare of Animals

The welfare of animals used for research must be respected. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals have been followed, and that the studies have been approved by a research ethics committee at the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted (where such a committee exists). For studies with animals, the following statement should be included in the text before the References section.

 

Informed Consent

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/Beforesubmit

All individuals have individual rights that are not to be infringed. Individual participants in studies have, for example, the right to decide what happens to the (identifiable) personal data gathered, to what they have said during a study or an interview, as well as to any photograph that was taken.

Hence it is important that all participants gave their informed consent in writing prior to inclusion in the study. Identifying details (names, dates of birth, identity numbers and other information) of the participants that were studied should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and genetic profiles unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian if the participant is incapable) gave written informed consent for publication. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve in some cases, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt.

For example, masking the eye region in photographs of participants is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic profiles, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning.

Please note that standards could vary slightly per journal dependent on their peer review policies (i.e. double blind peer review) as well as per journal subject discipline. Before submitting your article check the Instructions for Authors carefully.

The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send if requested during peer review or after publication.

The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines.

 

Ethical responsibilities of authors

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/Beforesubmit

Researchers should conduct their research from research proposal to publication in line with best practices and codes of conduct of relevant professional bodies and/or national and international regulatory bodies. In rare cases it is possible that ethical issues or misconduct could be encountered in your journal when research is submitted for publication.

Ethical responsibilities of authors

International Medical Society is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. International Medical Society follows the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.

Particularly:

  • Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour.
  • Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
  • A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
  • Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
  • Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.

In addition:

  • Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • Requesting to add or delete authors at revision stage, proof stage, or after publication is a serious matter and may be considered when justifiably warranted. Justification for changes in authorship must be compelling and may be considered only after receipt of written approval from all authors and a convincing, detailed explanation about the role/deletion of the new/deleted author. In case of changes at revision stage, a letter must accompany the revised manuscript. In case of changes after acceptance or publication, the request and documentation must be sent via the Publisher to the Editor-in-Chief. In all cases, further documentation may be required to support your request. The decision on accepting the change rests with the Editor-in-Chief of the journal and may be turned down. Therefore authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc.
  • If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.

 

Compliance with ethical standards

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/Beforesubmit

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.

Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” before the References when submitting a paper:

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest

Research involving Human Participants and/or Animal

 

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/Beforesubmit

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. Although an author may not feel there is any conflict, disclosure of relationships and interests provides a more complete and transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work.

Awareness of a real or perceived conflicts of interest is a perspective to which the readers are entitled. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate.

Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:

  • Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number)
  • Honoraria for speaking at symposia
  • Financial support for attending symposia
  • Financial support for educational programs
  • Employment or consultation
  • Support from a project sponsor
  • Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management relationships
  • Multiple affiliations
  • Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest
  • Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
  • Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work

In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.

The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors. The  ICMJE form can be downloaded here.

Copyright Notice

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/copyright

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Articles are published Under License of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ©

Self-archiving

 We are a RoMEO green journal.

Author's Pre-print: green tick  author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing)
Author's Post-print: green tick  author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing)
Publisher's Version/PDF: green tick  author can archive publisher's version/PDF

See the journal's Privacy Statement, which assures readers that their name and email address will not be used for other purposes. 

Plagiarism Policy

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/plagiarismpolicy

Any manuscript submitted to International Archives of Medicine must be original. The manuscript, or substantial parts of it, must not be under consideration by any other journal/publisher. All manuscripts are checked for plagiarism using automated Plagiarism Checkers.

Technical Report

International Archives of Medicine follows a double-blinded peer-review system. Two reports from external and independent reviewers are requested at least. Reports are checked by Section Editor, who takes a decision based on these reports. The decision can be reject, request major changes, accept after minor changes or accept. Usually, manuscripts are rejected when a report points major deficiencies in the methodology of the work. In this case, the review process ends at this point; authors wishing to submit again the work should address these deficiencies, write a new manuscript and start a new submission. The Section Editor request changes to authors in cases where reviewers' comments and suggestions are recoverable. Authors have to submit a new version of the manuscript along with a letter explaining the changes or the reasons why they have not included these changes. This new version of the manuscript is reviewed by the same reviewers who reviewed the original version. If they find the new version satisfactory, it is accepted; otherwise a new round of corrections is requested.
In case of controversy among reviewers or between reviewers and authors, it is the Section Editor who decides based on the reports of both sides. In hard cases or in those with potential ethic conflict, the case is elevated to the Editor-in-Chief.

Editor's Code of Conduct

Advertising Policy

http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/advertising

International Archives of Medicine does no accept advertising and sponsorship for its website and related services.