Catheter Related Blood Stream Infections In Patients Of The Intensive Care Unit

  • Ana Carolina Coimbra de Castro
  • Odinéa Maria Amorim Batista
  • Maria Eliete Batista Moura
  • Maria Zélia de Araújo Madeira
  • Layze Braz de Oliveira Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo
  • Lidya Tolstenko Nogueira
  • Maria do Livramento Fortes Figueiredo

Abstract

Objective: To identify the prevalence of bloodstream infection associated with the Catheter related Blood stream infections in patients of the Intensive Care Unit, and the characteristics of its use and handling. Methods: Descriptive and transversal study with a sample of 88 participants. Data were collected through the observational method and the records in the medical records. The absolute and relative frequencies were used for data analysis. Results: 73.86% of the patients had central venous access in the subclavian vein, 100% used double lumen Catheter related Blood stream infections, 0.5% chlorhexidine solution for skin antisepsis, dressing coverage is performed mostly with Sterile gauze and tape, with a daily exchange. The rate of infection related to the use of the Catheter related Blood stream infections was (6.81%). The most infused pharmacological drugs were antimicrobials (69.32%). Conclusion: The study showed that care with central venous accesses is performed according to recommendations for prevention of bloodstream infection related to the use of these devices. The infection rate is close to the standards found in the literature.


Key words: Central Venous Catheterization. Hospital Infection. Intensive care unit. Risk factors. Catheter-Related Infection..


 

Author Biography

Layze Braz de Oliveira, Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo
Nurse the Federal University of Piauí. He is currently Master of Science from the Ribeirão Preto School of Nursing, University of São Paulo - USP. Part of Prevention Studies and Infection Control in Health Services - NEPCISS-EERP-USP; and Research Center for Prevention and Infection Control in Health Services (NUPCISS) -UFPI. It operates in the search line: Infectious Diseases: problems and coping strategies, with focus on the following themes: Prevention and Related Infection Control in Health Care; occupational hazards and HIV / AIDS. Has been active in the area of microbiology and hospital epidemiology, acting on the themes: epidemiology of infections related to health assistance (IRAS), Staphylococcus aureus infections related to assistance to health, social representations applied to prevention and control of HAI, prevention and control IRAS and health education

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Published
2017-07-17
How to Cite
DE CASTRO, Ana Carolina Coimbra et al. Catheter Related Blood Stream Infections In Patients Of The Intensive Care Unit. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, july 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2266>. Date accessed: 28 july 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2398.
Section
Infectious Diseases