Revisiting Chagas disease and its cardiac implications: an integrative review study for nursing practice

  • Vinicius Batista Santos
  • Nathalia Cristina Alves Pereira
  • Mariana Alvina dos Santos
  • Rita Simone Lopes Moreira
  • Regimar Carla Machado

Abstract

Goals: Identify relevant aspects found in the literature regarding nursing actions in caring for adults with Chagas cardiomyopathy.


Methods: An integrative review was performed. The research was guided by the question: "What information and actions should nurses know about when taking care of adults with Chagas cardiomyopathy?"


Results: Eleven articles were identified, published in the last 10 years. This study showed that: patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy have more severe symptoms than with other etiologies of heart failure and higher prevalence of indications for artificial heart pacemakers; there is a knowledge gap among health professionals regarding this disease; and these patients face prolonged hospital stays until heart transplantation with a consequent drop in their quality of life, calling for interventions with a focus on self-management of the disease. 


Conclusions: The planning of nursing interventions that result in improved quality of life, symptom control, and increased adherence to pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy is essential in the care of patients with Chagas disease.


Keywords: nursing, Chagas disease, Chagas cardiomyopathy

Published
Feb 3, 2017
How to Cite
BATISTA SANTOS, Vinicius et al. Revisiting Chagas disease and its cardiac implications: an integrative review study for nursing practice. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, feb. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2283>. Date accessed: 23 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2284.
Section
Nursing