Health Demands Characteristics and Quality of Life in the Elderly Monitored in the Primary Care

  • Jéssica Maria Arouca de Miranda
  • Neidjany Patrícia Lima Torres
  • Gislani Acásia da Silva Toscano
  • Anna Carolyna Vieira Cavalcante
  • Rafaela Araújo Oliveira
  • Alessandra Justino Dionisio
  • Anne Caroline Rodrigues Barbosa
  • Lara Laise Alves da Silva
  • Joana Gabriela Borges Soares
  • Vanessa Gomes da Costa
  • Jéssica Renaly Fernandes Morais
  • Camila Cintya Fernandes Morais
  • Sandra Maria da Solidade Gomes Simões de Oliveira Torres
  • Eulália Maria Chaves Maia
  • Rosana Lucia Alves de Vilar
  • Henry de Holanda Campos
  • Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres

Abstract

Background: To characterize the demands of health and quality of elderly peoplemonitored in the primary care of Rio Grande do Norte/Brazil.


Methods and Findings: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study of a quantitative approach with elderly patients monitored by the primary care. The sample was given for convenience, obtaining 120 participants. The research was conducted through an interview with theapplication of the following questionnaires: Mini Mental State Examination, Socio-demographic Data and Pain Characteristics, Short-Form-36, Mini Nutritional Assessment, the primary activities of daily living, the instrumental activities of daily living, Prism 7 and the Geriatric Depression Scale. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS statistical program, in which descriptive and association tests were used.The main demands were related to functionality, followed by nutritional and geriatric depression. The quality of life presented worse results in the domain of general health status and better scores in the emotional and mental health aspects. Regarding the dimensions, the physical health obtained aworse score.


Conclusion: Based on the characterization of the health demands found, it is suggested to perform other studies with the same population, enabling to plan and implementing a multidimensional intervention and improving the quality of life of the elderly people.


Keywords: Elderly; Quality of Life; Aging; Elderly Health; Nursing.

Published
Feb 21, 2017
How to Cite
AROUCA DE MIRANDA, Jéssica Maria et al. Health Demands Characteristics and Quality of Life in the Elderly Monitored in the Primary Care. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, feb. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2353>. Date accessed: 26 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2316.
Section
Primary Care

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