Risk behavior on HIV transmission in independent elderly people

  • Olívia Galvão Lucena Ferreira Physiotherapist, Doctoral of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Haydêe Cassé da Silva Physiotherapist, Master in Social Psychology at the Federal University of Paraíba. Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Antonia Oliveira Silva Nurse, PhD in Psychology at the Institute of Labor Science and Enterprise - ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal, Professor of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Laura de Sousa Gomes Veloso Physiotherapist, Master’s Student of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Alinne Beserra de Lucena Marcolino Physiotherapist, Doctoral Student of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Andrea Carla Brandão da Costa Santos Physiotherapist, Doctoral Program in Maternal and Child Health at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira, IMIP, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Maria Elma de Souza Maciel Soares Physiotherapist, Doctoral in Decision and Health Models at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
  • Eliane de Sousa Leite Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira Physiotherapist, Doctorate in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Professor at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil

Abstract

Objective:  The objective was to know the risk behavior of independent elderly people in DST / HIV / AIDS prevention.


Method: Exploratory study with quantitative data approach. Sample was composed of 24 independent elderly people without diagnosis. An elaborate semi-structured interview script was used. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, using chi-square and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: We found 87% female, age group between 60-69 years (62%) and marital status widow (43%).Of the sample, 87% reported knowing the means of transmission of the virus, 79% reported not using condoms and all had some sexual intercourse without the use of condoms.The analysis between the dependent variable "knows how to transmit HIV" and independent "condom use" showed statistical significance (p = 0.014).


Conclusion: It can be inferred that there was a high risk behavior for HIV / AIDS virus acquisition in this sample, since they did not use condoms in their sexual practices, even if they had knowledge about the forms of virus transmission.


Descriptors: Aging. Risk groups. HIV. Elderly.

Author Biography

Eliane de Sousa Leite, Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.

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Published
2017-06-05
How to Cite
FERREIRA, Olívia Galvão Lucena et al. Risk behavior on HIV transmission in independent elderly people. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, june 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2395>. Date accessed: 24 june 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2467.
Section
Infectious Diseases

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