Multidimensional Assessment Of Institutionalized Elderly: The Reality Of A Brazilian Institution

  • Alcides Viana de Lima Neto Universidade Potiguar
  • Lívia Maria de Azevedo Universidade Potiguar
  • Gabriella Xavier Barbalho Mesquita Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Kamilla Sthefany Andrade de Oliveira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Vilani Medeiros de Araújo Nunes Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Isabelle Cristina Braga Coutinho Cunha Faculdade Estácio do Rio Grande do Norte.
  • Isac Davidson Santiago Fernandes Pimenta Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Isabela Dantas Torres de Araújo Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Jonia Cybele Santos Lima Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Angela Maria de Medeiros Soares Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Amanda Sarmento Silva Alves de Assis Centro Universitário do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Maria Helena Pires Araújo Barbosa Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Ádala Nayana de Sousa Mata Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Jaciana Medeiros da Costa Dias Universidade Potiguar
  • Anna Carolina Soares de Souza Cruz Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque Sousa universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Grasiela Piuvezam Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Ana Tania Lopes Sampaio Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Naedja Nara de Araújo Neves Universidade Potiguar
  • Renata Clemente dos Santos Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Abstract

Background: The population aging in Brazil is characterized by the accumulation of progressive disabilities in their functional activities and daily life. To consider the elderlies in his/her multiple dimensions turns out to be a critical issue to improve their assistance to an institutionalized level, improving their health and quality of life. To perform a mini-overall evaluation of institutionalized elderly person to trace their profile in relation to the socio-demographic, functional capacity, nutritional status and cognition.


Methods: descriptive, cross-sectional study of quantitative approach conducted in facilities for the aged people in Natal, RN.


Results: 63.3% of the elderly were female, with ages varying from 61 to 103 years. 60.0% were single; 56.7% were literate. 66.7% had no children and 55% lived with their families before the institutionalization. As for the institutionalization time, 63.3% resided in the institution for four years. As what concerns the aspects of health, 73.3 of the elderly presented hearing difficulties, 90% make use of medicines predominantly to diabetes and hypertension. There is clear evidence that the institutionalization has been harmful to the elderly as with regards basic activities of daily living, nutritional status and cognitive aspects.


Conclusion: the progressive disability in functional activities of daily life interferes directly in the quality of life, increasing dependency and minimizing the autonomy of these individuals. It is necessary to effective implementation of public policies directed to the institutionalized elderly from the perspective of effective actions for improved attention and assistance.


Descriptors: Aged, Institutionalization, Aging, Facilities for the Aged. 

Published
May 1, 2017
How to Cite
DE LIMA NETO, Alcides Viana et al. Multidimensional Assessment Of Institutionalized Elderly: The Reality Of A Brazilian Institution. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, may 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2397>. Date accessed: 23 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2413.
Section
Geriatrics