Multidimensional Assessment Of Institutionalized Elderly: The Reality Of A Brazilian Institution

  • Alcides Viana de Lima Neto Universidade Potiguar
  • Lívia Maria de Azevedo Universidade Potiguar
  • Gabriella Xavier Barbalho Mesquita Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Kamilla Sthefany Andrade de Oliveira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Vilani Medeiros de Araújo Nunes Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Isabelle Cristina Braga Coutinho Cunha Faculdade Estácio do Rio Grande do Norte.
  • Isac Davidson Santiago Fernandes Pimenta Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Isabela Dantas Torres de Araújo Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Jonia Cybele Santos Lima Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Angela Maria de Medeiros Soares Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Amanda Sarmento Silva Alves de Assis Centro Universitário do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Maria Helena Pires Araújo Barbosa Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Ádala Nayana de Sousa Mata Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Jaciana Medeiros da Costa Dias Universidade Potiguar
  • Anna Carolina Soares de Souza Cruz Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque Sousa universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Grasiela Piuvezam Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Ana Tania Lopes Sampaio Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Naedja Nara de Araújo Neves Universidade Potiguar
  • Renata Clemente dos Santos Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Abstract

Background: The population aging in Brazil is characterized by the accumulation of progressive disabilities in their functional activities and daily life. To consider the elderlies in his/her multiple dimensions turns out to be a critical issue to improve their assistance to an institutionalized level, improving their health and quality of life. To perform a mini-overall evaluation of institutionalized elderly person to trace their profile in relation to the socio-demographic, functional capacity, nutritional status and cognition.


Methods: descriptive, cross-sectional study of quantitative approach conducted in facilities for the aged people in Natal, RN.


Results: 63.3% of the elderly were female, with ages varying from 61 to 103 years. 60.0% were single; 56.7% were literate. 66.7% had no children and 55% lived with their families before the institutionalization. As for the institutionalization time, 63.3% resided in the institution for four years. As what concerns the aspects of health, 73.3 of the elderly presented hearing difficulties, 90% make use of medicines predominantly to diabetes and hypertension. There is clear evidence that the institutionalization has been harmful to the elderly as with regards basic activities of daily living, nutritional status and cognitive aspects.


Conclusion: the progressive disability in functional activities of daily life interferes directly in the quality of life, increasing dependency and minimizing the autonomy of these individuals. It is necessary to effective implementation of public policies directed to the institutionalized elderly from the perspective of effective actions for improved attention and assistance.


Descriptors: Aged, Institutionalization, Aging, Facilities for the Aged. 

Author Biographies

Alcides Viana de Lima Neto, Universidade Potiguar

Nurse. Specialist in Nursing Management. Teacher Level II of the School of Health of University Potiguar.

Lívia Maria de Azevedo, Universidade Potiguar

Nurse. Master in Collective Health from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Teacher of practices at the School of Health of UnP.

Gabriella Xavier Barbalho Mesquita, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Nutritionist graduated from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Kamilla Sthefany Andrade de Oliveira, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Psychologist. Academic Degree in Psychology From the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Vilani Medeiros de Araújo Nunes, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

PhD in Health Sciences. Assistant Teacher I, Department of Collective Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Isabelle Cristina Braga Coutinho Cunha, Faculdade Estácio do Rio Grande do Norte.

Nurse. Specialist in Family Health. Teacher of the Estácio Faculty of Rio Grande do Norte.

Isac Davidson Santiago Fernandes Pimenta, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Graduating in Health Systems and Services Management. Department of Collective Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Isabela Dantas Torres de Araújo, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Dentist surgeon. Postgraduate in Public Health with Emphasis on Family Health by Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Jonia Cybele Santos Lima, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Dentist. PhD Student in Collective Health by Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Angela Maria de Medeiros Soares, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

PhD student in Collective Health. Substitute Teatcher of Public Health at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Amanda Sarmento Silva Alves de Assis, Centro Universitário do Rio Grande do Norte

Nurse. Specialist in Intensive Care and Urgency and Emergency.

Maria Helena Pires Araújo Barbosa, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Nurse. PhD student in Nursing at the Federal University of Santa Catarina.

Ádala Nayana de Sousa Mata, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Master of Science in Health. PhD student in Collective Health. Assistant Professor of Multicampi School of Medical Sciences of Rio Grande do Norte, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Jaciana Medeiros da Costa Dias, Universidade Potiguar

Nurse. Post-Granduate in Emergency and Hospital and Pre-Hospital Emergency by Estácio College of Rio Grande do Norte.

Anna Carolina Soares de Souza Cruz, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Physiotherapist. Post-graduate degree in Neurorehabilitation by Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque Sousa, universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

PhD in Health Sciences. Adjunct Professor, Multicampi School of Medical Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Grasiela Piuvezam, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

PhD in Health Sciences. Adjunct Teacher III of the Department of Collective Health of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Ana Tania Lopes Sampaio, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

PhD in Education. Adjunct Professor, Department of Collective Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

Naedja Nara de Araújo Neves, Universidade Potiguar

Nurse. Specialist in Organization and Health Administration and Hospital. Professor of The School of Health of The University Potiguar.

Renata Clemente dos Santos, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Nurse. Specialist in Family Health. Student of the Master's Degree in Nursing of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte.

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Published
2017-05-01
How to Cite
DE LIMA NETO, Alcides Viana et al. Multidimensional Assessment Of Institutionalized Elderly: The Reality Of A Brazilian Institution. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, may 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2397>. Date accessed: 15 dec. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2413.
Section
Geriatrics