HIV Prevalence In Internal From Brazilian Prisons And Its Associated Factors: Integrative Literature Review
The prison populations is considered vulnerable due heterogeneity of confinement, whose predisposing factors are the lifestyle of individuals and prison conditions. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of HIV and associated factors reported in studies conducted in prisons in Brazil. An integrative review was carried out, with a search in the databases LILACS, MEDLINE and SCIELO, including articles published from 2000. The final sample that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria totaled 11 articles. prevalences were found ranging from 3.2% to 16%. This review made it possible to find average of 10.6% prevalence. Predominated as risk factors: drug use, piercing material sharing, inappropriate sexual behavior and STDs. There was a need for more comprehensive surveys, which provides a situational diagnosis of HIV in this population, so as to reveal specific aspects of individual, social and programmatic vulnerabilities in each region of Brazil.
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