Epidemiological Profile Of Children With External Ventricular Drainage

  • Alane Barreto de Almeida Leôncio
  • Thaís Grilo Moreira Xavier
  • Saionara Lenarda Oliveira Dantas
  • Cibério Ladim Macêdo
  • Andrea Valente Braga
  • Silvia Virginia Pereira do Nascimento Correia
  • Thaiany Batista Sarmento de Oliveira
  • Hérika Brito Gomes de Farias

Abstract

Objective: tracing the epidemiological profile, focused on infectious aspects, of children undergoing insertion of external ventricular drainage valve for the treatment of hydrocephalus.


Method: A retrospective, documentary and descriptive study of clinical and epidemiological approach with a quantitative analysis of the findings. The sample consisted of 53 children in a pediatric hospital of reference in the state of Paraiba in the period July 2009 to December 2014. For data analysis, non-parametric tests were used, and the chi-square test and Fisher test performed according to the statement.


Results: Among the 53 children who participated in our study, 49.1% (26) died. According to the causes found on the death certificate, 69.2% of the causes of death described relation to infection.


Conclusion: the high rates of CNS infections and other acquired infections, resulting in the deaths of children who underwent insertion of EVD valve, they are the result of a set of facts involving the care of a multidisciplinary team. The high incidence presented in the shunt study showed that changes and system remaining in the patient to a risk factor for infection.

Published
Mar 19, 2017
How to Cite
BARRETO DE ALMEIDA LEÔNCIO, Alane et al. Epidemiological Profile Of Children With External Ventricular Drainage. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, mar. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2427>. Date accessed: 26 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2317.
Section
Neurosurgery