Epidemiological Profile Of Vascular Encephalic Accident (VEA) Victims Hospitalized In A Regional Hospital Of Paraíba, Brazil

  • Jordeyanne Ferreira de Oliveira
  • Elicarlos Marques Nunes
  • Renata Santos Carvalho
  • Cristina Costa Melquíades Barreto
  • Robéria da Silva Carvalho
  • Josseana Dias de Oliveira
  • Bianka Pereira Evangelista
  • Alexandre Firmino de Araújo Neto
  • Maria da Glória Leite Mota
  • Denisy Dantas Melquíades Azevedo
  • Ana Paula Dantas da Silva Paulo
  • Juliane de Oliveira Costa Nobre
  • Edmara da Nóbrega Xavier Martins
  • Érica Surama Ribeiro César Alves
  • Allan Martins Ferreira

Abstract

Introduction: Responsible for a high mortality rate and for causing numerous sequels in the general population, stroke arises from a deficiency in cerebral oxygen supply, commonly caused by obstruction of the arteries or extravasation of blood for the tissue. Genetic factors, style and quality of life are factors directly related to the incidence of stroke and its numerous hospitalizations.


Objective: The study aimed to describe the epidemiological profile of hospitalized patients after clinical diagnosis of stroke.


Methodology: This is a retrospective study, with a quantitative approach, carried out through the analysis of 252 medical records of patients hospitalized in the Medical Clinic and in the Mixed Stroke Unit of the Deputado Janduhy Carneiro Regional Hospital, in the municipality of Patos - PB, in the period of January 1 to December 31 2015. All medical records of patients affected by stroke in 2015 were included; internal with clinical diagnosis of stroke; Computed Tomography of Skull; Neurologist's evaluation; and readable handwriting. Data were collected using a questionnaire with objective questions, including variables related to the objective of study. They were submitted to simple statistical analysis and later, discussed and related to the literature from the reading and the comprehension of the researchers.


Results: It was observed that the affected victim is woman, over 70 years of age, brown, living in an urban area and retired. The most frequent etiology of the stroke is of the ischemic type, being able to notice preexisting diseases in the patients, such as Arterial Hypertension and Heart diseases. 42% of patients were discharged after treatment in less than 15 days (78%). By causing many deaths and disabilities, bringing not only human, but social and financial damage to the health and social security system.


Conclusion: More and more studies are needed to diagnose the causes of stroke, consequences and possible decisions that attenuate this problem.


Keywords: Vascular Encephalic Accident. Hospitalization. Prognosis.

Published
Mar 19, 2017
How to Cite
FERREIRA DE OLIVEIRA, Jordeyanne et al. Epidemiological Profile Of Vascular Encephalic Accident (VEA) Victims Hospitalized In A Regional Hospital Of Paraíba, Brazil. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, mar. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2429>. Date accessed: 29 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2329.
Section
Neurology

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