Years of potential life lost due to motorcycle accidents

  • Flávia Emília Cavalcante Valença Fernandes Assistant Professor at the University of Pernambuco, Petrolina Campus, Petrolina. Pernambuco. Brazil
  • Rosana Alves de Melo Assistant Professor at the Federal University of Vale do São Francisco – UNIVASF. Petrolina. Pernambuco. Brazil
  • Roseane da Silva Lemos Sanitarian (specialist in public sanitation and health) of the Municipal Secretary of Jaboatão dos Guararapes. Pernambuco. Brazil
  • Saulo Bezerra Xavier Nurse at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Vale do São Francisco – UNIVASF. Petrolina. Pernambuco. Brazil
  • Joebson Maurílio Alves dos Santos Master student of the Postgraduate Program in of Economy at the Federal University of Pernambuco. Recife. Pernambuco. Brazi
  • Rodrigo Gomes de Arruda Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Nova Roma. Recife. Pernambuco. Brazil.
  • Arnaldo de França Caldas Júnior Adjunct Professor of the Pernambuco (UPE) and Federal Universities of Pernambuco (UFPE). Recife. Pernambuco. Brazil
  • Tatiane Almeida de Menezes Associate Professor of the Department of Economy at the Federal University of Pernambuco Recife. Pernambuco. Brazil

Abstract

Introduction: Traffic accidents represent a serious public health problem, because they kill approximately 1.24 million persons annually, and leave another 20 to 50 million with non-fatal lesions and traumatisms worldwide. In Brazil, in the year 2011, motorcyclists alone were responsible for one third of these deaths. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the years of potential life lost due to motorcycle accidents, according to sex and age group, and analyze the trend of the indicator for the state of Pernambuco in the period from 2005 to 2014.


Methods and Results an ecological study based on data from the System of Information about Mortality was used. The indicator and rate were calculated by using the age limit of 70 years. The linear regression model and Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used, at the level of significance of 5% and confidence of 95%. The most affected sex and age-range were men between 20-29 years of age. The rates followed a trend of growth in both sexes, in the young population with the exception of those from 10 to 19 years of age.


Conclusions: This context points out the magnitude and precociousness of motorcycle accidents in both sexes and the young population.

Author Biographies

Flávia Emília Cavalcante Valença Fernandes, Assistant Professor at the University of Pernambuco, Petrolina Campus, Petrolina. Pernambuco. Brazil

Doctoral student of the Postgraduate Program in Therapeutic Innovation (PPGIT/UFPE). Master of Management and Health Economy from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE).

Rosana Alves de Melo, Assistant Professor at the Federal University of Vale do São Francisco – UNIVASF. Petrolina. Pernambuco. Brazil

Doctoral student of the Postgraduate Program in Therapeutic Innovation (PPGIT/UFPE). Master of Nursing from the State University of Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, Brazil. 

Roseane da Silva Lemos, Sanitarian (specialist in public sanitation and health) of the Municipal Secretary of Jaboatão dos Guararapes. Pernambuco. Brazil

Doctoral student of the Postgraduate Program in Therapeutic Innovation (PPGIT/UFPE). Master of Management and Health Economy from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE).

Saulo Bezerra Xavier, Nurse at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Vale do São Francisco – UNIVASF. Petrolina. Pernambuco. Brazil

Master of Management and Health Economy from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE).

Rodrigo Gomes de Arruda, Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Nova Roma. Recife. Pernambuco. Brazil.

Doctor of Economy from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE)

Arnaldo de França Caldas Júnior, Adjunct Professor of the Pernambuco (UPE) and Federal Universities of Pernambuco (UFPE). Recife. Pernambuco. Brazil

Doctor of Preventive and Social Dentistry - from the University of  Pernambuco. Post-Doctorate in Epidemiology and Public Health at the University of London

Tatiane Almeida de Menezes, Associate Professor of the Department of Economy at the Federal University of Pernambuco Recife. Pernambuco. Brazil

Doctor of  Economy - from the University of São Paulo - USP Post-Doctorate at the London School of Economics

References

1. Silva LS, Menezes MLN, Lopes CLA, Corrêa MSM. Anos potenciais de vida perdidos por mulheres vítimas de homicídio na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Cad. Saúde Pública  [Internet]. 2011  Sep [cited  2016  Jul  17] ;  27( 9 ): 1721-1730. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-311X2011000900006&lng=en.

2. World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2013: supporting a decade of action. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013. 307 p. Disponível em: .

3. Waiselfisz JJ. Mapa da violência 2013: acidentes de trânsito e motocicleta [Internet]. Rio de Janeiro: CEBELA; 2013 [citado 2014 abr 22]. Disponível em: .

4. Brasil. Portaria GM/MS Nº. 737, de 16 de maio de 2001. Aprova a Política Nacional de Redução da Morbimortalidade por Acidentes e Violências. Diário Oficial número 96 [da] República Federativa do Brasil. Poder Executivo, Brasília, DF, 18 de maio de 2001. Disponível em: .

5. Contran. Conselho Nacional de Trânsito. Resolução nº 166 de 15 de setembro de 2004. Aprova as diretrizes da Política Nacional de Trânsito. Brasília. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 20 maio. 2014

6. Malta DC, Sardinha LMV, Moura L, Lansky S, Leal MC, Szwarcwald CL, et al. Atualização da lista de causas de mortes evitáveis por intervenções do Sistema Único de Saúde do Brasil. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde. [Internet] 2010 abril-junho [citado  2017  Fev  06]; 19(2):173-176. Brasília. Disponível em: .

7. Calil AM, Sallum EA, Domingues CA, Nogueira LS. Mapping injuries in traffic accident victims: a literature review. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem  [Internet]. 2009  Fev [citado  2017  Fev  06] ;  17(1): 120-125. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-11692009000100019&lng=pt.

8. Sant'Anna Flávia Lopes, Andrade Selma Maffei de, Sant'Anna Flávio Henrique Muzzi, Liberatti Christiane Lopes Barrancos. Acidentes com motociclistas: comparação entre os anos 1998 e 2010. Londrina, PR, Brasil. Rev. Saúde Pública  [Internet]. 2013  Jun [citado  2013  Nov  03] ;  47(3): 607-615. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-89102013000300607&lng=pt. 

9. Davantel PP, Pelloso SM, Carvalho MDB. Oliveira Nelson Luis Batista de. A mulher e o acidente de trânsito: caracterização do evento em Maringá, Paraná. Rev. bras. epidemiol.  [Internet]. 2009  Set [citado  2017  Fev  06] ;  12(3): 355-367. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-790X2009000300006&lng=pt.  
Published
2017-05-14
How to Cite
FERNANDES, Flávia Emília Cavalcante Valença et al. Years of potential life lost due to motorcycle accidents. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, may 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2430>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2423.
Section
Public Health and Health Management