Prevalence of HIV infection and sexual practices among long distance truck drivers
Objective: To analyze the prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus infection and sexual practices of truck drivers who travel through a capital of the Northeast of Brazil.
Methodology: Cross-sectional study carried out from May to September 2013 with 384 truck drivers. Data were collected through application of forms and a rapid test with blood collection for detection of viral antibodies.
Results: It was observed that 100% of respondents were male, 57.5% had age between 31 and 50 years, 69% were married or had a stable relationship and 58.6% were living in the Northeast. The identified risk factors were: low education (50%); alcohol use (69.5%); multiple sexual partners (50.3%); lack of use or sporadic use of condoms (56.3%). The HIV prevalence detected among truck drivers was 0.8%.
Conclusion: The risk factors present among truckers indicate vulnerability to HIV infection by exposing to contamination, as well as contributing to spread of the virus in the general population.
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