Prevalence of HIV infection and sexual practices among long distance truck drivers

  • Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo
  • Aline Silva Santos
  • David Bernar Oliveira Guimarães
  • Tatyanne Silva Rodrigues
  • Lia Rakel Rocha de Oliveira
  • Ana Maria Ribeiro dos Santos
  • Fernanda Valéria Silva Dantas Avelino

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus infection and sexual practices of truck drivers who travel through a capital of the Northeast of Brazil.


Methodology: Cross-sectional study carried out from May to September 2013 with 384 truck drivers. Data were collected through application of forms and a rapid test with blood collection for detection of viral antibodies.


Results: It was observed that 100% of respondents were male, 57.5% had age between 31 and 50 years, 69% were married or had a stable relationship and 58.6% were living in the Northeast. The identified risk factors were: low education (50%); alcohol use (69.5%); multiple sexual partners (50.3%); lack of use or sporadic use of condoms (56.3%). The HIV prevalence detected among truck drivers was 0.8%.


Conclusion: The risk factors present among truckers indicate vulnerability to HIV infection by exposing to contamination, as well as contributing to spread of the virus in the general population.

Published
Apr 8, 2017
How to Cite
ARAÚJO, Telma Maria Evangelista de et al. Prevalence of HIV infection and sexual practices among long distance truck drivers. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, apr. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2489>. Date accessed: 23 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2378.
Section
Epidemiology