Clinical and Hematological Evaluation of Patients with Sickle Cell Anemia Before and After Four Years of Using Hydroxyurea

  • Ieda Maria Gonçalves Pacce Bispo
  • Maria Lúcia Ivo
  • Valter Aragão do Nascimento
  • Alexandra Maria Almeida Carvalho de Pinto
  • Olinda Maria Rodrigues de Araújo
  • Éveny Cristine Luna de Oliveira
  • Sandra Luzinete Felix de Freitas
  • Anderson Fernandes da Silva
  • Abílio Torres dos Santos Neto
  • Adreia Insabralde de Queiroz Cardoso Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Isabelle Campos de Azevedo Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Marcos Antonio Ferreira Júnior

Abstract

Objective: Evaluating clinical and hematological-clinical parameters of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) before and after four years of using hydroxyurea (HU). 


Method: A retrospective cohort study implementing a quantitative, descriptive and analytical approach developed in two public teaching hospitals located in the Central-West region of Brazil, from November 2010 to October 2011. Data collection was performed through medical records of 32 patients with SCA to assess clinical and hematological parameters before and after HU treatment. The study was approved by the UFMS Ethics Committee under protocol number 1890/2010.


Results: All of the 32 patients were homozygous with a mean age in the prescription of hydroxyurea of 19.72±7.58 years, an initial dose of 15.59±4.27 mg/kg/day, and 22.48±5.35 mg/kg/day in the fourth year of treatment. Regarding the use of HU, average values of some hematological parameters presented a significant difference in the fourth year compared to the mean values prior to HU use, such as fetal hemoglobin (14.49±7.52%), red blood cells (2.54±0.38x1012/L), hematocrit (25.30±4.03%) and hemoglobin (9.22±3.34g/dL). 


Conclusion: Treatment with hydroxyurea showed a significant increase in fetal hemoglobin levels, increased hemoglobin, hematocrit and average corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, with reduced episodes of pain, infection and acute chest syndrome in such a way as to reaffirm its efficiency in treating these patients.


Keywords: Hemoglobin; Sickle Cell Anemia; Hydroxyurea.

Author Biographies

Adreia Insabralde de Queiroz Cardoso, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Isabelle Campos de Azevedo, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Nurse. Master's Student in Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Natal/RN, Brazil.

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Published
2017-06-05
How to Cite
BISPO, Ieda Maria Gonçalves Pacce et al. Clinical and Hematological Evaluation of Patients with Sickle Cell Anemia Before and After Four Years of Using Hydroxyurea. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, june 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2510>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2469.
Section
Hematology

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