An Epidemiological Profile of Accidental Tetanus Cases in a Referral Hospital, 2007-2013

  • Andressa Pedroza Pereira Nurse Specialist in Infectology, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • José Ronaldo Vasconcelos Nunes Master in Collective Health, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Ivanise Tibúrcio Cavalcanti da Silva Nurse Specialist in Health Services Management, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Cecília Pessoa Paiva Dantas Andrade Nurse Specialist in Infectology, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Hirla Vanessa Soares de Araújo Nurse Specialist in Cardiology, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Bárbara Letícia de Queiroz Xavier Nurse Specialist in Intensive Care Unit, University Cândido Mendes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Larissa Rolim de Oliveira Master in Molecular Bioprospecting, Regional University of Cariri, Crato, Ceará, Brazil
  • Solange Ribeiro Mendes Nurse Specialist in Family Health, College Santa Maria, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Rozane Pereira de Sousa Nurse Specialist in Human Rights, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Hermênnia Ferreira da Silva Nurse Specialist in Urgency and Emergency, San Francisco College of Paraíba, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Hérika Ferreira Batista Nunes Nurse Specialist in Intensive Care Unit, College Santa Maria, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil

Abstract

Objective: to describe the epidemiological profile of accidental tetanus cases in a referral hospital in the State of Pernambuco, during 2007-2013.


Method: this is a descriptive, retrospective, quantitative study based on secondary data.


Results: there were 126 cases confirmed. Most of them (88.9%) were male and from the urban area (77%). The most frequent professions were agricultural workers in general and masons (31.7%), with age group between 35-49 years old (39.7%). Drilling was the most evident injury (48.4%). The lower limbs were the most affected region (65.1%), and the predominant clinical sign was trismus (90.5%). The lethality rate was 19.0%, and the mean length of hospital stay was 49.4 days.


Conclusions: Accidental tetanus is an immune- preventable disease, the vaccine is highly immunologically effective. However, it remains a public health problem in Pernambuco, presenting high lethality and a long time in the service. 

Published
Apr 23, 2017
How to Cite
PEREIRA, Andressa Pedroza et al. An Epidemiological Profile of Accidental Tetanus Cases in a Referral Hospital, 2007-2013. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, apr. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2542>. Date accessed: 22 may 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2405.
Section
Infectious Diseases