Congenital malformations in neonates: analysis of morbidity and associated factors

  • Rosana Alves de Melo Federal University of the São Francisco Valley
  • Flávia Emília Cavalcante Valença Fernandes Universidade de Pernambuco
  • Ana Kariny Costa Araújo Regional Hospital of Juazeiro
  • Nadja Maria dos Santos University of Pernambuco
  • Maria Elda Alves de Lacerda Campos University of Pernambuco
  • Priscylla Helena Alencar Falcão Sobral University of Pernambuco
  • Vitória de Barros Siqueira University of the São Francisco Valley
  • Roseane da Silva Lemos Doctoral student of the Postgraduate Program in Therapeutic Innovation (PPGIT/UFPE)
  • Saulo Bezerra Xavier University Hospital UNIVASF-EBSERH
  • Alana Mirelle Coelho Leite Federal University of the São Francisco Valley
  • Rachel Mola University of Pernambuco
  • Luciana Pessoa Maciel University of Pernambuco
  • Roberto Luis Pereira dos Santos Olos Clinic
  • Lusineide Carmo Andrade de Lacerda University of Pernambuco
  • Gerlene Grudka Lira University of Pernambuco
  • Rosa de Cássia Miguelino Silva University of Pernambuco
  • Érika Batista dos Santos Valença University Hospital UNIVASF-EBSERH
  • Catarina Costa Pinto University Hospital UNIVASF-EBSERH
  • Cristiane Sousa Bezerra University Hospital UFBA- EBSERH
  • Laíse Ferreira Lourenço University of Pernambuco


Objective: To evaluate the neonatal morbidity due to congenital malformations in the city of Petrolina-PE, from 2008 to 2013.

Methods: A descriptive study with data from the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc). The analyzes were carried out through frequency distribution and measures of central tendency and dispersion. The associations were tested by the Pearson and Kruskal Wallis chi-square tests. Significance was set at 5% and 95% confidence.

Results: 436 cases of congenital malformations were recorded in the study period, with 2011 being the highest occurrence year. The mothers of the newborns were young (25.2 years old), single, upper level of education and household. In general multiparous, with single gestation, vaginal delivery and performed up to six prenatal visits. The newborns were males, at 39 weeks or more of gestation and with normal weight (> = 2500g). The malformations of the musculoskeletal system were the most frequent followed by the genitourinary system. Congenital malformations were especially associated with neonatal characteristics such as gender and weight. In all causes the mean weight was greater than 2500g (p <0.05). The causes of malformation of greater occurrence in both sexes were osteomuscular (p <0.05). The aspects of the mother did not present significant differences in the present study (p> 0.05).

Conclusion: The present study evidenced relevant aspects in the occurrence of morbidities due to congenital malformations, directing to a greater attention the occurrence of these diseases especially in relation to the newborn.


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How to Cite
MELO, Rosana Alves de et al. Congenital malformations in neonates: analysis of morbidity and associated factors. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, june 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 05 dec. 2019. doi:

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