The Irritating Effects Of Exposure To Formaldehyde In User Students Of The Human Anatomy Laboratory

  • Jalles Dantas de Lucena Laboratory Of Anatomy Of University Federal Of Piauí
  • Helson Freitas da Silveira Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Lívia Santiago de Paula Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil
  • Howard Lopes Ribeiro Junior Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Osvaldo Osvaldo Pereira da Costa Sobrinho Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Katarina Maria Brasileiro Leal Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Nathan Andrade Veríssimo Liga Acadêmica de Anatomia UFC. Fortaleza, Ceará
  • Roberta Silva Pessoa pessoarobertasilva@hotmail.com
  • Ariel Gustavo Scafuri Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • João Erivan Façanha Barreto Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Antonio Jorge Santos Cerqueira College Integrates of state Bahia, Salvador, Bahia
  • Delane Viana Gondim Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Roberta Costa de Oliveira Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Deiziane Viana da Silva Costa Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.
  • Gilberto Santos Cerqueira Post-Graduate Program in Morphofunctional Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil.

Abstract

Formaldehyde (FA) is commonly used in cadaver fixation for years. FA vapors are released during the dissection process and macroscopic study of preserved anatomical pieces, raising their concentration in the Anatomy laboratory, causing greater exposure for students and teachers. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate toxic reactions in 37 students, through a questionnaire, produced by exposure to FA used for preservation of cadaveric material used in Anatomy, Morphofunctional Department, Faculdades Integradas de Patos (FIP), Brazil. Of the 37 interviewees, 26 (70.3%) were affected by the unpleasant and irritating smell of FA, 10 (27%) had no problems, and 1 (2.7%) did not tolerate an irritation produced by FA, ​​not participating in the laboratory practical classes. Exposure to FA was followed by several symptoms: excessive lacrimation (54%), itchy eyes (48.5%), redness of the eyes (40.6%), coryza or congested nose (35.2%) and respiratory distress (29.7%), with persistent symptoms during the permanence in the laboratory for 32.5% of the students. All students wear a lab coat for individual protection. However, only 8% used mascara and did not wear glasses, increasing the risk of contamination. Medical schools should encourage the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for the manipulation of FA, ensuring the protection of students and teachers in the Anatomy laboratory. Besides finding alternatives for the replacement of FA in the conservation of corpses.

Author Biographies

Jalles Dantas de Lucena, Laboratory Of Anatomy Of University Federal Of Piauí

Laboratory Of Anatomy Of University Federal Of Piauí

Lívia Santiago de Paula, Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil

Department of Morphology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil

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Published
2017-07-21
How to Cite
LUCENA, Jalles Dantas de et al. The Irritating Effects Of Exposure To Formaldehyde In User Students Of The Human Anatomy Laboratory. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, july 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2663>. Date accessed: 21 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2490.
Section
Human Anatomy

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