The Impact Of Malocclusion On Quality Of Life And Life Satisfaction

  • Antonio Franklin Cordeiro Neto
  • Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho UFPE
  • Raulison Vieira de Sousa
  • Bruna de Carvalho Farias Vajgel
  • Renata Cimões

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the type of malocclusion affects the perception of quality and satisfaction with people's lives.


Material and Methods: Three questionnaires were applied: the first one assessed the social and economic factors and the diagnosis of malocclusion through Angle´s classification, the second was the OHIP-14, and the third was the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).


Results: This study involved 444 patients aged 18 to 72 years. According to the classification of malocclusion 48.65% was Class I, 22.75% was Class II division 1, 12.16% was Class II division 2 and Class III 16.44%. The malocclusion did not have negative impact on the level of satisfaction with life, but in all dimensions analyzed by OHIP-14, malocclusion had negative impact on quality of life and was statistically significant. The most severe malocclusions such as Class II and Class III represent a more negative impact when compared to Class I malocclusion. Moreover, for the dimensions assessed by the OHIP-14, physical pain and psychological discomfort were those who showed a greater negative impact on quality of life.


Conclusions: Malocclusions do not interfere with the judgment of the level of satisfaction with life, but they produce a negative impact on quality of life.

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Published
2017-07-21
How to Cite
NETO, Antonio Franklin Cordeiro et al. The Impact Of Malocclusion On Quality Of Life And Life Satisfaction. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, july 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2671>. Date accessed: 17 dec. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2492.
Section
Dental Medicine

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