Evaluation Of The Overload Of Care In Families Of Psychiatric Patients In Psychosocial Care Center

  • Mayron Morais Almeida Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia do Maranhão - FACEMA, Caxias, MA, Brasil.
  • Carlos Augusto Silva de Azevêdo, Sr
  • Francisco Braz Milanez Oliveira
  • Márcia Sousa Santos
  • Rosalba Maria Costa Pessoa
  • Aryzaltina Silva Penha
  • Thiago Sampaio dos Santos
  • Laynara Marla das Graças Alves Lobo
  • Girlane Caroline Pereira Santos
  • Sandra Helena Rodrigues de Araujo
  • Nadja Nayara Coelho Rodrigues
  • Dayane Silva Sousa
  • Ava Fabian dos Anjos Lima
  • Sara Regina Viana Maia Alves
  • Mariana Quitéria Silva Albuquerque
  • Zilma Maria Alves de Sousa Costa
  • Juliane Danielly Santos Cunha
  • Leticia de Almeida da Silva
  • Ananda Santos Freitas
  • Helayne Cristina Rodrigues
  • Hayla Nunes da Conceição
  • Diellison Layson dos Santos Lima
  • Francielle Borba dos Santos
  • Thaismária Alves de Sousa
  • João Victor de Sousa Costa

Abstract

Introduction: The burden of care in family refers to the weight caused by the primary caregiver role to psychiatric patients and the difficulties encountered in performing this function in daily life.


Objectives: Assessing the objective and subjective overload of family members who live with the reality of psychiatric disorder in a child day-care psychosocial care center. Methods: Cross-sectional study, descriptive-exploratory, of quantitative approach, with non-probabilistic samples of accidental type with 80 families of psychiatric patients held in a Psychosocial Care Center. For overload evaluation, the subscales "B" and "D" of the Family Overload Rating Scale (FBIS-BR) were used.


Results: The study was conducted with 80 families of psychiatric patients. The average age of female caregivers was 39,6 years old, and 40,7 years old for male caregivers, with female predominance (87,5%) compared to men (12,5%), with low education for both genres. Family caregivers presented high objective burden due to excessive demand attention (p<0,001), heteroaggressiveness (p<0,001) and perplexing behavior of psychiatric patients regarding the supervision of problematic behaviors (p<0,001). The items on the impact on the family's daily routine have not helped to generate objective overload for the family members. On subjective overload, it was clear to observe familiar members with high degree of disturbance in all the dimensions assessed (p < 0,001).


Conclusion: The high degree of care overload observed in family members indicates the need to develop contacts with the family of the psychiatric patient to answer questions, offer support and assistance to the family caregiver.


Keywords: Caregivers. Patients. Mental Health Services.

Author Biographies

Carlos Augusto Silva de Azevêdo, Sr

Doctor of Biological Sciences. Associate Professor at the State University of Maranhão (UEMA) and Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Francisco Braz Milanez Oliveira

Nurse. Professor at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Márcia Sousa Santos

Nurse. Master in Genetics and Applied Toxicology. Director at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Rosalba Maria Costa Pessoa

Nurse. Professor at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Aryzaltina Silva Penha

Nurse. Master in Genetics and Applied Toxicology. Director at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Thiago Sampaio dos Santos

Nurse. Graduated at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Laynara Marla das Graças Alves Lobo

Nurse. Graduated at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Girlane Caroline Pereira Santos

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Sandra Helena Rodrigues de Araujo

Nursing Student of the integrated universities of postgraduate, research and extension. Teresina (PI), Brazil.

Nadja Nayara Coelho Rodrigues

Nurse. Graduated at the Teresina Unified Education Center (CEUT). Teresina (PI), Brazil.

Dayane Silva Sousa

Nurse. Graduated at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Ava Fabian dos Anjos Lima

Nursing Student of the integrated universities of postgraduate, research and extension. Teresina (PI), Brazil.

Sara Regina Viana Maia Alves

Nurse. Graduated at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Mariana Quitéria Silva Albuquerque

Nurse. Professor at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Zilma Maria Alves de Sousa Costa

Nurse. Graduated at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Juliane Danielly Santos Cunha

Nurse. Registered nurse in health and community at Federal University of Piauí (UFPI). Teresina (PI), Brazil.

Leticia de Almeida da Silva

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Ananda Santos Freitas

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Helayne Cristina Rodrigues

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Hayla Nunes da Conceição

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Diellison Layson dos Santos Lima

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Francielle Borba dos Santos

Nursing Student. State University of Maranhão (UEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

Thaismária Alves de Sousa

Physiotherapist. Graduated at the Faculty of Science and Technology of Maranhão (FACEMA). Caxias (MA), Brazil.

João Victor de Sousa Costa

Physiotherapist Student. State University of Piauí (UESPI) Teresina (PI), Brazil.

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Published
2017-07-30
How to Cite
ALMEIDA, Mayron Morais et al. Evaluation Of The Overload Of Care In Families Of Psychiatric Patients In Psychosocial Care Center. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 10, july 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalsociety.org/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2720>. Date accessed: 23 aug. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2500.
Section
Psychology