Suicide: A Danger Between Surgeons

  • Karine Lorena Sousa Queiroz Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Cariri – UFCA, Barbalha, Ceará, Brazil
  • Rodrigo de Freitas e Carvalhedo Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Cariri – UFCA, Barbalha, Ceará, Brazil
  • Fernando Custódio Beserra Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Cariri – UFCA, Barbalha, Ceará, Brazil
  • Antônio Gilvan Teixeira Júnior Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Cariri – UFCA, Barbalha, Ceará, Brazil
  • Modesto Leite Rolim Neto Universidade Federal do Cariri


Suicide has been a growing problem all around the world, with around 1 million deaths registered per year. This scenery affects the medical population more frequently and it has been a concern for more than one hundred years. It has been reported that the work situation to which the physicians are submitted causes distress, burnout and other symptoms that help to develop suicidal ideation. Based on previous works, it was found that among the physicians, surgeons have a higher tendency to be a victim of these disorders, due to work related harassment, sickness presenteeism, unfulfillment feelings and, mainly, the stigma of seeking psychological help. Although, some studies indicates strategies to overcome this situation as regular meetings provided by the work management to discuss stressful work related events and the clarification of suicidal ideation treatment. 


1. Damasceno KS, Sousa Barbosa É, Pimentel JVC, Teixeira Júnior AG, Meneses, ACP., Gonçalves Júnior J, de Sousa DF, da Costa Lima PS, Sales IB, Gouveia AS, Biruel EP, Neto MLR, Nascimento VB. Suicide among Physicians and Methodological Similarities of MEDLINE/PubMED and BVS/BIREME Open Access Bibliographic Databases: A Systematic Review with Metanalysis. Health, 2017, 9, 352-375. health.2017.92025.
2. Palhares-Alves HN, Palhares DM, Laranjeira R, Nogueira-Martins LA, Sanchez ZM. Suicide among physicians in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, across one decade. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2015 Apr-Jun;37(2):146-9. PubMed PMID: 26083813.
3. Andrew LB, Brenner BE. Physician Suicide: Overview, Depression in Physicians, Problems with Treating Physician Depression. Medscape [serial on the Internet]. Updated: Jun 12, 2017. Available from: article/806779.
4. Shanafelt TD, Balch CM, Dyrbye L, Bechamps G, Russell T, Satele D, Rummans T, Swartz K, Novotny PJ, Sloan J, Oreskovich MR. Special report: suicidal ideation among American surgeons. Arch Surg. 2011 Jan;146(1):54-62. PubMed PMID: 21242446.
5. Shanafelt TD, Boone S, Tan L, Dyrbye LN, Sotile W, Satele D; West CL, Sloan J, Oreskovich
MR. Burnout and Satisfaction with Work-Life Balance Among US Physicians Relative to the General US Population. Arch Intern Med/vol 172 (no. 18), oct 8, 2012. PubMed PMID: 22911330.
6. Wall M, Schenck-Gustafsson K, Minucci D, Sendén MG, Løvseth LT, Fridner A. Suicidal ideation among surgeons in Italy and Sweden – a cross-sectional study. BMC psychology. 2014;2(1):53. PubMed PMID: 25520811.
7. Chati R, Huet E, Grimberg L, Schwarz L, Tuech JJ, Bridoux V. Factors associated with burnout among French digestive surgeons in training: results of a national survey on 328 residents and fellows. Am J Surg. 2017 Apr;213(4):754-762. PubMed PMID: 27771033.
8. Balch CM, Freischlag JA, Shanafelt TD. Stress and burnout among surgeons: understanding and managing the syndrome and avoiding the adverse consequences. Arch Surg. 2009 Apr;144(4):371-6. PubMed PMID: 19380652.
How to Cite
QUEIROZ, Karine Lorena Sousa et al. Suicide: A Danger Between Surgeons. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 11, oct. 2018. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2019. doi:
Psychiatry & Mental Health

Most read articles by the same author(s)