Management of a rare case of adrenergic myocarditis complicated with cardiogenic shock
A 41-year-old female was referred to our clinic with progressive dyspnea and a syncope, preceded by angina. On admission she was in cardiogenic shock. ECG showed diffuse repolarization changes and cardiac enzymes were elevated. The echocardiogram revealed severe left ventricular dysfunction with basal and medium walls hypokinesia. After stabilizing the patient, a coronary angiography was performed which revealed normal epicardial arteries. In the next days her clinical status was marked by severe hypertensive episodes with flash pulmonary edema and low responsiveness to therapy. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance showed myocardial edema and intramyocardial late gadolinium enhancement. An abdominal ultrasound raised suspicion of a pheochromocytoma due to an abnormal mass with cystic areas found on the right suprarenal gland. Elevated urinary free catecholamines and fractionated metanephrines confirmed the diagnosis. Further on, a CT scan better identified the heterogeneous tumor and the patient was referred for a right laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Follow-up at 1 month reported full recovery of the sistolic function. The particularity of the case is represented by the difficulty of diagnosis of adrenergic myocarditis, as well as the management of cardiogenic shock induced by it.
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