The study aims to synthesize the knowledge produced in articles about the predisposing factors for the incidence of Congenital Syphilis. An integrative review was conducted in May and June 2014. Three databases were consulted and all publications available at the pre-established time frame were collected. The descriptors congenital syphilis, incidence and causality in Portuguese, English and Spanish were used, resulting in 1723 articles, of which 23 were selected. The results show deficiency in prenatal care; poor diagnosis; inadequante care of the disease; unequal socioeconomic conditions; difficult access to health services; and poor guidelines. The increasing number of new cases of congenital syphilis is due to several factors that can be prevented through quality prenatal care. Therefore, care actions during pregnancy and puerperium need to be redirected so that they are based on early diagnosis, immediate treatment of the couple and health education.
from International Archives of Medicine