Objective: To analyze the prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus infection and sexual practices of truck drivers who travel through a capital of the Northeast of Brazil.
Methodology: Cross-sectional study carried out from May to September 2013 with 384 truck drivers. Data were collected through application of forms and a rapid test with blood collection for detection of viral antibodies.
Results: It was observed that 100% of respondents were male, 57.5% had age between 31 and 50 years, 69% were married or had a stable relationship and 58.6% were living in the Northeast. The identified risk factors were: low education (50%); alcohol use (69.5%); multiple sexual partners (50.3%); lack of use or sporadic use of condoms (56.3%). The HIV prevalence detected among truck drivers was 0.8%.
Conclusion: The risk factors present among truckers indicate vulnerability to HIV infection by exposing to contamination, as well as contributing to spread of the virus in the general population.
from International Archives of Medicine