Flabby skin And Loss of volume
Skin ageing begins around the age of 25 – it affects all layers of the skin and manifests itself in particular through sagging skin on the face. The reason for this is a combination of internal and external factors.
Signs & Symptoms
Signs of sagging skin and loss of volume with age
The aging process is partly dependent on hereditary factors. This so-called intrinsic ageing, together with environmental factors and individual lifestyle, leads to a slowdown of important metabolic processes in the skin. This causes the visible signs of skin aging: wrinkles and fine lines, sagging skin, loss of elasticity and shine.
One of the main reasons for the visible signs of skin aging is a reduction of the volume giving cells.
This loss of volume, together with wrinkles, lack of shine and decreasing skin elasticity, makes the face look older. Although sometimes difficult to describe, volume loss is a very common phenomenon that affects the structure and shape of the entire face. The resulting changes are referred to as sagging skin, loss of contour or sunken appearance and are often associated with a negative facial expression.
How to recognize flabby skin
The triangle of beauty
Since slack skin is difficult to describe and determine, a pictorial representation is helpful. It clearly shows how this sign of aging slowly but permanently changes the shape and structure of the face. The triangle of beauty demonstrates how lost volume can result in a negative, sad or tense facial expression. This in turn can lead to a false perception of the mood or attitude of the person concerned.
A youthful face has a skin density and volume distribution that creates an attractive appearance. The essential characteristics of a younger looking face are clearly visible:
- high cheekbones
- full cheeks
- soft skin
- a narrow well defined chin contour
These features together form a face shape that is wider at the top and converges to the narrowest point at the chin. The overall impression is relaxed and positive.
As we get older, signs of decreasing volume cause the triangle to reverse. This is due to the following changes:
- a broader, flabbier chin contour
- sagging face
- flatter cheeks
- Wrinkles on the forehead and in the corners of the eyes
- downward facing corners of the mouth
The combination of these factors leads to an older appearance. The triangle is now upside down and the wider part is in the lower part of the face. As the volume decreases and the skin becomes flabbier, the perception of the facial features also changes: This expression could now be perceived as sad or stressed.
Causes & Triggers
Causes of slack skin
In addition to the biologically induced internal aging, a number of internal and external factors contribute to the processes that lead to skin sagging.
An essential internal factor for sagging skin is hormonal changes. In puberty the estrogen level increases and the face is full. As we get older, the hormone level decreases and the number and size of the volume-providing skin cells decrease.
Loss of volume is part of general skin aging and is caused by the same lifestyle-related external factors that contribute to wrinkles, loss of elasticity and lack of shine. These include:
- Smoking: Nicotine and chemicals in cigarettes lead to the breakdown of collagen in the skin.
- the sun: too much time in the sun can contribute to collagen damage and damage the skin structure.
These factors generate oxidative stress, which leads to the formation of so-called free radicals. These molecules attack the cell structures that are important for a smooth and firm appearance of the skin. Once the structure is weakened and collagen and elastin are broken down, this accelerates the general skin aging process. The visible signs such as wrinkles and folds, loss of volume, decreasing elasticity and lack of shine become more visible.
Why does the skin become flabby with age?
The processes in the skin slow down with increasing age, which contributes to general skin aging. In particular, the gradual reduction of the filling substances that make the skin look and feel firm and smooth leads to loss of volume, sagging skin and less defined facial contours.
This happens in the following skin layers:
The epidermis. In the upper layers of the skin, the production of hyaluronic acid and lipids decreases. In addition to an increase in wrinkles and fine lines, this causes thinner looking skin and changes in skin texture such as dryness and roughness.
The deeper layers of skin. An annual reduction of the collagen content by about 1 % together with a decreasing elastin content increases the thinning of the skin. As elastin is partly responsible for the elasticity and strength of the skin, a decrease of these two substances leads to flabbier and less elastic skin. The size and number of the volume-providing cells that make for full-looking skin diminish and cause these layers to shrink. The consequences are hollow cheeks and a more relaxed facial expression.
Over time, the supply of nutrients and blood circulation to the skin decreases. The skin can bind less moisture and also heals less well. The skin further loses elasticity and deeper wrinkles can form.
How to tighten sagging skin
Volume loss is a complex problem and in many ways inevitable, but there are a number of treatment options for the visible effects.
Active agents against sagging skin
Formulas containing the following ingredients can combat typical skin aging symptoms such as sagging skin, loss of volume and less defined facial contours. Treating these problems can improve skin density and help the face look younger again.
- Magnolol: A highly concentrated active ingredient extracted from the bark of the magnolia tree that increases the number and size of the volume giving cells. It helps to restore the skin’s natural volume and redefine facial contours.** In vitro studies
- Oligopeptides: Stimulate and promote the collagen network in the dermis. Cosmetic formulas with oligopeptides reduce wrinkles and thus strengthen the skin structure. Oligopeptides also stimulate the metabolism in the skin and thus stimulate the interaction of the cells. They are a main ingredient in the Eucerin Hyaluron-Filler + Volume-Lift care series for the treatment of density and volume loss.** In vitro studies.
- Hyaluronic acid: This substance, which is specific to the skin, has the ability to bind 1,000 to 10,000 times its own molecular weight to water – i.e. 1 to 10 litres per gram. With age, the skin loses its ability to produce hyaluronic acid and wrinkles develop. Hyaluronic acid is one of the main ingredients in the Eucerin Hyaluron-Filler care series, the Eucerin Hyaluron-Filler + Volume-Lift series and in the Eucerin HYALURON-FILLER + ELASTICITY day and night care, which effectively plumps up the skin from the inside and is used specifically to reduce wrinkles.
Invasive dermatological treatments
The surgical removal of fat from one part of the body for transplantation into another. The procedure is most often used to replenish cheek volume and lasts one year or more, depending on metabolism. Swelling is not uncommon and the treatment usually requires a longer period of rest.
Injections that temporarily fill up volumes and provide immediate, short-term results. They are usually used under the eyes and on the cheeks, temples and lips. The recovery time is very short, but the treatment must be repeated to maintain the effect. Hyaluronic acid injections can also help against wrinkles.
They provide the most durable results. A plastic implant is inserted under the skin to give new volume to certain areas, usually the cheeks. In the past, such implants were much more popular, but today they are less frequently requested than fillers and fat transfers because they require the longest recovery time.
Non-invasive dermatological treatments
High frequency technology to warm the deep collagen layers of the skin. This heat promotes the production of new collagen and tones the existing collagen to restore sagging contours.
Even with ultrasound, sagging skin can be lifted, toned and tightened.